Studying in Romania
Higher education in Romania is offered in both public and private higher education institutions. These include universities, institutes, academies, conservatoires and university colleges.
The Ministry of National Education is responsible for higher education. There are currently 56 state higher education institutions (including 7 military ones), 26 private higher education institutions and 6 graduate schools.
Romania is a member of the Bologna Process and part of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), which works to standardise HE qualifications across the member countries. This means that Romania uses the three-cycle degree system of first degree, masters and doctorate-level qualifications.
What courses can you study?
Masters and doctorate-level qualifications are available in a wide range of subjects and typically take the same length of time to complete as they do in the UK – two years for a masters and three to four years for a PhD. PhDs are offered by universities and research institutes.
Courses are typically available in Romanian, English and French and sometimes German. If you wish to study in a language that is not officially spoken in your home country, you'll need to pass an entrance language test.
If the course you want to study is only available in Romanian and you've no prior knowledge of the language, you’ll need to attend a preparatory course in order to learn Romanian to a sufficient level. The duration of preparatory courses is usually one year, but for some postgraduate courses a six-month course may be sufficient.
Application deadlines are generally mid-September but getting your application in earlier is recommended.
How do you apply for postgraduate study?
When applying for postgraduate study you will need to have your current qualifications (for example, your first degree if you're applying for a masters course) recognised by the National Centre for Recognition and Equivalence of Diplomas in Romania (CNERD). They will provide a certificate of recognition.
You will usually need to submit this certificate, along with other documentation, to the university you wish to apply to. This may include certified copies of your original degree certificates and transcripts, proof of your citizenship and ID, a medical certificate and proof of your language ability (if you're studying in a language that isn't your first).
The application deadline for postgraduate medical studies is late November, for courses starting the following September. Sometimes some additional places will be announced in January or February, in which case there is a second deadline for these at the end of March. In practice, applications are often accepted until the end of July in the year your studies commence, but early application will increase your chances of getting a place.
You need to apply directly to the institution but each one may have a different application process as there is no standardised system.
Fees and scholarships
EU citizens pay the same level of tuition fees as Romanian citizens. Tuition fees vary depending on the subject and level you wish to study at. As a guide, masters and doctorate-level qualifications cost around €2,000 to €5,000 per year.
The cost of living in Romania is generally lower than a lot of other European countries. Studying in Romania states that the average monthly cost for a student is between €300 and €500 a month. This includes rent at €150 to €300 per month for a private apartment, and a further €150 to €300 per month for food, general living expenses and medical insurance. Tuition fees will be in addition to these costs.
The Ministry of National Education administers scholarships that are available to citizens of the EU. Some Romanian universities also offer scholarships to students with excellent academic grades. Contact individual universities to find out more.
Are there any exchange programmes?
UK students on both undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes may be interested in studying in Romania through Erasmus+. This programme is open to all subject areas, but check with your institution's study abroad/exchange coordinator to see which countries they have links with and in what subject areas.
Will your qualifications be recognised in the UK?
Following the Bologna Process and the creation of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), a postgraduate course from Romania is directly comparable to the UK equivalent.
Do you need a visa to study in Romania?
Citizens from the EU, EEA and Switzerland do not need a visa to enter Romania and are able to stay in the country for a period of up to three months.
If you wish to stay for longer than this period of time to study in Romania, you need to apply for a registration certificate issued by the General Inspectorate for Immigration. If you intend to study in the country you'll need to show evidence that you're enrolled with an accredited institution. You will also need to show that you have medical insurance and the necessary financial support for your stay. A separate study visa is not required.
If you're from a non-EU country you should contact the Romanian embassy in the country where you are currently residing about how to obtain a visa. If you are living in the UK, go to the Romanian Embassy (UK).
AGCAS editors, November 2017